The sharing of all or specific campaign components or functions by a specific program addressing a disease or health need with the broader health system and ongoing delivery of interventions through general health services.
In a Technical Brief for the Health Campaign Effectiveness Coalition (HCE) at the Task Force for Global Health (TFGH), Bhatnagar and Gittelman define integration as “the sharing of all or specific campaign components or functions by a specific program addressing a disease or health need with the broader health system and ongoing delivery of interventions through general health services.” Bhatnagar is a Health Systems Research Associate at the TFGH, as well as a DrPH Candidate at Boston University School of Public Health. Gittelman (MPH) is a technical advisor for both HCE at the TFGH and for the Alliance for Malaria Prevention (AMP). The technical brief itself offers a series of “evidence-based practices and opportunities” for countries and partner organizations to improve or integrate health campaigns and outcomes. The brief performs a literature review on co-delivery and collaboration between health programs from 2002-2020 in order to discover these practices and opportunities, as well as the primary potential reasons for integration.
Bhatnagar, Barkha, and David Gittelman. “Integration Between Health Campaigns: Intervention Co-Delivery and Collaboration.” Decatur, GA: Task Force for Global Health, 2020. https://campaigneffectiveness.org/wp-content/uploads/2020/08/Health-Campaign-Integration_Technical-Brief_14AUG2020-1.pdf.
Alternative definitions/ citation:
In its road map for neglected tropical diseases, The World Health Organization defines integration as “Grouping or “packaging” of several diseases, depending on their burden in countries,
to facilitate joint delivery of interventions through a common platform such as preventive chemotherapy and use of multiplex diagnostics, and integrated monitoring, evaluation and reporting.” The roadmap itself creates strategies and goals aimed at preventing, controlling, eliminating, or eradicating several neglected tropical diseases. The document uses evidence generated by using the targets, sub-targets, and milestones for 2030, and the critical actions required to achieve them. The document includes a glossary of relevant terms, including integration, at the beginning.
World Health Organization. “Ending the Neglect to Attain the Sustainable Development Goals: A Road Map for Neglected Tropical Diseases 2021–2030.” Accessed July 13, 2022. https://www.who.int/publications-detail-redirect/9789240010352.