Background

Potential Areas of Collaborative Planning of Malaria Interventions

A process evaluation of potential areas of collaborative planning of malaria interventions in Nigeria

Background

Photo credit: Ibolda Health International

Ibolda Health International Ltd in collaboration with Nigeria National Malaria Elimination Programme (NMEP) led a process evaluation to document the collaborative planning of campaign integration of distribution of insecticide-treated nets (ITNs) and mass drug administration of seasonal malaria chemoprevention (SMC) in Gombe and Jigawa States, where both ITN and SMC campaigns were planned to take place in 2021. The aim was to gather evidence that demonstrate possible areas of collaborative planning of ITN and SMC campaigns.

Context

Problems and Opportunities

Malaria remains a major public health problem in Nigeria despite being preventable and treatable. It is endemic throughout Nigeria with 97% of the population being at risk. Insecticide-treated nets (ITNs) and seasonal malaria chemoprevention (SMC) campaigns are two key preventive strategies deployed in Nigeria as strategies for malaria elimination in the National Malaria Strategic Plan (NMSP) 2021 – 2025.

Both ITN and SMC campaigns were considered for integration due to some similarities observed in the planning, implementation and post-campaign phases for cost-efficiency and avoidance of duplication of efforts.

Case Study Objectives

  • To document the decision-making process used to establish the feasibility of conducting full/partial integrated ITN/SMC campaigns in different settings through a study of potential integration in Gombe and Jigawa states.
  • To identify relevant structures required that could facilitate the implementation of full/partial integrated ITN/SMC campaign planning processes in different settings.
  • To identify possible challenges to a successful implementation of a full/partial integrated ITN/SMC campaign planning process.
  • To identify, support, and document collaborative planning approaches for integrated ITN/SMC campaign planning processes.
  • To make recommendations towards an effective integrated ITN/SMC campaign planning process.

Nigeria accounts for about 25% of the global burden of 229 million cases of malaria and annual deaths of about 100,000 reported in 2019 (World Malaria Report 2020).