Best Practices in Microplanning for Polio Eradication

These best practices documents for polio eradication have been developed from the contributions of many people from all over the world. The people concerned have themselves spent many years striving to eradicate polio, learning from successes and failures to understand what works best and what does not, and quickly making changes to suit the situation. In writing these best practices the aim has been to distill the collective experiences into pages that are easy to read and detailed enough to be adapted for other health programmes.

This document describes best practices in microplanning for polio eradication campaigns, also known as supplementary immunization activities (SIAs) with oral polio vaccine (OPV). A microplan must aim to reach 100% of the target population, usually children aged under 5 years. Experience over the years has shown that the poliovirus can continue to circulate in quite small populations of unvaccinated children, thus requiring that the microplan be sufficiently detailed to reach every child with OPV. The elements for making a microplan are described, along with the relevant best practices learnt over time. This document is a practical guide with working examples that can be adapted as needed. The best practices can serve as a guide for other public health programmes.

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