August 2023: Partner News Round-Up

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Madagascar kicked off a regional vaccination drive against typhoid on August 21, aiming to vaccinate about 60,000 children between the ages of 9 months and 16 years. This campaign—taking place in the Arivonimamo and Antananarivo-Atsimondrano districts—is part of the Typhoid Conjugate Vaccine Introduction in Madagascar (TyMA) project, which seeks to evaluate the real-world effectiveness of WHO-prequalified Typhibev. IVI

Pakistan’s Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province ran an anti-polio vaccination effort in 17 of its 34 districts August 7-10, targeting more than 2.7 million children under age 5. According to The Nation, around 6,947 teams were deployed to administer polio drops, and over 18,000 police personnel performed security duties. The drive was postponed in the Khyber tribal district, where a police labor action made security unavailable. Pakistan Today; The Nation

Outbreak Response

Madagascar ran an immunization campaign against polio July 25-28, targeting nearly 18 million children and adults in four priority regions, including Alaotra-Mangoro, Analamanga, Atsimo-Andrefana and Vakinankaratra. The campaign also targeted children under 15 in the country’s 19 other regions. Time News

Kenya conducted the initial round of a subnational anti-polio vaccination effort August 24-28, targeting over 1.8 million children under age 5. The drive was prompted by six polio cases detected among children at the Hagadera refugee camp in Garissa county. The first round took place in Garissa, Kajiado, Kiambu and Nairobi counties. Second and third rounds will be conducted in September and October, targeting over 5.6 million children in the aforementioned four counties and six additional counties: Lamu, Kitui, Machakos, Mandera, Tana River and Wajir. Kenya News Agency; Kenya MoH

Kenya rolled out the second phase of an anti-cholera vaccination campaign across eight counties on August 3-12, targeting 1.7 million people. The selected counties—Homa Bay, Kajiado, Marsabit, Nairobi, Wajir, Mandera, Machakos and Garissa—are those most impacted by an outbreak that has led to 196 deaths since October 2022, per local media. The first round of vaccination (in February) reached 2.2 million people above age 1 in Nairobi, Garissa, Tana River and Wajir. In Machakos, the exercise focused on Machakos GK prison, which has experienced several outbreaks. Kenya MOJA; The Guardian

Somalia’s Jubaland state—bordering Kenya and Ethiopia—ran a five-day effort against cholera August 12-16, aiming to vaccinate 590,803 people ages 1 and above, including pregnant women. The house-to-house campaign took place in the districts of Afmadow, Belet Xaawo, Dhobley, Doolow and Luuq and included 788 vaccination teams comprised of two vaccinators, a data clerk, a cold chain attendant and a social mobilizer. As of the end of July, the country had reported 11,704 suspected cases of cholera and 30 associated deaths in 28 drought-affected districts. WHO EMRO

Cameroon conducted an outbreak response effort against cholera from August 16-20, focusing on children ages 1 and above as well as pregnant women. Launched in health centers and public locations in Yaoundé, the campaign also deployed teams across the Centre region. According to Cameroon News Agency, six regions of the country recorded 134 deaths last year. Cameroon News Agency; Pan African Visions

Afghanistan kickstarted an anti-polio immunization campaign on August 22. In a first round spanning most of the country’s provinces, the effort reached 1.2 million children under age 5 in the eastern zone and 1.25 million in the western zone. A second round commenced August 29 and encompassed the provinces of Balkh, Faryab, Jawzjan, Samangan, Sar-e Pol and Uruzgan. Economic Times; Ariana News; WHO

Integrated Campaigns

Several Brazilian states launched integrated routine immunization campaigns in August as part of the health ministry’s National Movement for Vaccination, a nationwide catch-up initiative that debuted in February. The state of Rio de Janeiro started its effort on August 23, aiming to reach children and adolescents up to age 15. The multiweek campaign will focus on municipalities in the metropolitan region (Belford Roxo, Duque de Caxias, Nilópolis, Nova Iguaçu, São João de Meriti, Baixada Fluminense and São Gonçalo), tackling diseases such as diphtheria, measles, pertussis, polio, rubella and tetanus. In the city of Rio de Janeiro, the campaign will also address HPV. The states of Maranhão and Roraima launched their campaigns earlier in August, while campaigns in the Federal District and Espírito Santo got rolling on August 26. Agencia Brasil (1); Agencia Brasil (2); Brazil MoH

Ecuador extended its nationwide vaccination campaign against measles, rubella and polio for the second time. Originally slated to end July 9, the campaign, targeting 3.7 million children, continued through August 31. Children ages 2 to 12 were eligible for measles-rubella doses, while those ages 1 to 7 received polio vaccine. By late August, the campaign had reportedly reached 95% of children under 12. Prensa Latina (1); Prensa Latina (2); PAHO

Peru extended its vaccination effort tackling polio and measles until August 15. Targeting 12 of its 24 regions as well as the constitutional province of Callao, the campaign (focused on children under 5) was originally slated to end July 31. In July, over 1 million doses of polio and measles vaccines were administered to children ages 2 months to 5 years. Around 15,000 vaccination teams continued the effort by going house to house and to schools, parks, malls and other locations frequented by families. The extension aims to reach remote areas of the country with lower coverage. Government of Peru

Jordan rolled out a nationwide vaccination effort for routine immunizations on August 7, targeting unvaccinated adults and those between ages 2 months and 18 years who have yet to receive mandatory vaccines. The campaign aims to increase routine immunization coverage rates for diseases including measles and rubella, polio, and maternal and neonatal tetanus, aiming at over 97% coverage of all vaccines included in the program. According to The Jordan Times, this is the MoH’s fifth national vaccination campaign in nearly 30 years. The Jordan Times

Local Campaigns

DRC’s North Kivu province conducted a door-to-door vaccination effort against polio August 10-12, aiming to immunize all of the province’s approximately 2 million children under age 5. North Kivu ran an anti-polio and anti-measles campaign in May. Time News

American Samoa kickstarted the fourth round of a mass drug administration to eliminate lymphatic filariasis on August 14, targeting all residents. The third round—in the “only U.S. territory with evidence of ongoing lymphatic filariasis transmission”—was conducted in October 2021. The campaign is slated to end September 22. Samoa News; U.S. CDC

The fifth phase of a nationwide Indian program to protect against 12 vaccine-preventable diseases started August 7. India’s Mission Indradhanush program seeks to vaccinate children under age 5 and pregnant women who missed routine immunization. The fifth phase, which will prioritize measles and rubella, is divided into three subphases: one running August 7-12, a second from September 11-16, and a third October 9-14. In Haryana state, the first subphase aimed to vaccinate 6,500 children and 13,600 pregnant women. Times of India; The Hindu; Drishti IAS

India’s Jharkhand state conducted a mass drug administration effort against lymphatic filariasis August 10-25 in nine affected districts (Chatra, Dumka, Godda, Hazaribagh, Jamtara, Latehar, Palamu, Seraikela and West Singhbhum), targeting people above age 2. In this door-to-door campaign, health workers administered DEC and albendazole (with ivermectin, when available) in the hopes of eradicating the disease. A similar effort was conducted August 10-17 in seven districts in Raipur state, aiming to reach children ages 1 to 19. Weekly Blitz; Times of India

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