Ensuring accountability in implementation of supplementary immunisation activities: A case study of the 2017/2018 measles vaccination campaign in Nigeria

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Globally, there is a growing concern with accountability and health systems. This has been attributed majorly to discontent with health system performance. Within the Nigerian health system, weak accountability has been consistently singled out as a key challenge underpinning the poor performance of the immunisation programme. In preparation for the 2017/2018 Measles Vaccination Campaign in Nigeria, the National Measles Technical Coordinating Committee (NMTCC) was inaugurated with one of its key mandates being to ensure accountability in the conduct of the 2017/2018 MVC. This paper aims to share the innovative measures applied in the 2017/2018 Measles MVC to improve accountability and to highlight the contribution of the accountability framework to improving measles vaccination coverage.


We identified gaps in accountability from the post-campaign coverage reports and reviews of previous campaigns. We adapted an accountability framework developed by the Nigeria National Routine Immunization Strategic Plan (2013–2015),- which cuts across all levels. Selected indicators were used to monitor the implementation of the framework. Administrative actions such as sanctions and rewards were taken as necessary.


We found that the implementation of the accountability framework was highly instrumental in achieving a high level of coordination among all stakeholders and to improving efficient utilization of resources. We also found that the implementation of the accountability framework in the 2017/2018 MVC contributed to the improved performance of states in terms of measles vaccination coverage compared to the 2015/2016 campaign.


We have demonstrated that the implementation of the accountability framework in the 2017/2018 MVC led to a considerable reduction in the misuse and abuse of resources and also contributed to remarkable improvement in the measles vaccination coverages across states compared to the 2015/2016 MVC.

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