Integration of NTD Control Campaigns with Other Health Interventions

An Exploration of Potential Integration of Neglected Tropical Disease Control Campaigns in Two Districts of Uttar Pradesh, India

Research Methods and Approaches

The study team selected LF, STH, monitoring of childhood immunization (known as Mission Indra Dhanush), screening for high blood pressure (HBP) and diabetes mellitus (DM), and COVID-19-related campaigns to consider for potential integration. The campaigns for integration were selected for the following reasons:

  • LF and STH campaigns are conducted vertically twice a year
  • Childhood immunization coverage has dropped due to COVID-19
  • Screening campaigns for HBP and DM are assumed to be affected by COVID-19.

This was a cross sectional, descriptive case study using a mixed methods design to collect primary and secondary data from the study districts in Gorakhpur and Deoria, Uttar Pradesh. The qualitative component included in-depth interviews and focus group discussions with stakeholders at all levels (e.g., government administrators, program officials, community health workers, international development agencies). Quantitative survey data was collected from the beneficiaries of the campaigns to assess their knowledge, attitudes, and practices regarding the services they received. 


  • Desk review of documents and literature
  • In-depth interviews
  • Focus group discussions
  • Knowledge, Attitudes, Practices (KAP) Survey of beneficiaries of campaigns


  • In-depth interviews were conducted at the district and block level with medical officers, program managers, ASHAs, and auxiliary nurse midwives (ANM)
  • Focus group discussions were conducted at the district and block level with community members, ASHAs, and ANMs
  • Beneficiaries were surveyed about their KAP and level of satisfaction with the services received during health campaigns using the Likert scale

Stakeholder perspectives at all levels were collected through in-depth interviews and focus group discussions.